Ostoberschlesien 1939: polnische Lehrer

Strona główna Fora Historia Ostoberschlesien 1939: polnische Lehrer

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  • #16402
    Tobias.Kemper
    Użytkownik

    Guten Tag,

    meine Großmutter erhielt 1940 eine Stelle als Lehrerin in Friedenshütte (Nowy Bytom) und 1943 in Ruda.

    Beide Orte gehörten bis 1939 zu Polen. Und natürlich hatte es bis 1939 dort polnische Lehrer gegeben. Was ist mit den polnischen Lehrern in Ost-Oberschlesien geschehen. Wurden sie “nur” entlassen oder haben sie als Angehörige der polnischen “Intelligenzija” Schlimmeres erlebt?

    In 1940, my grandmother became a teacher at a school in Friedenshütte (Nowy Bytom) and in 1943, in Ruda.

    Both places were in Poland before 1939. What happened to the teachers who have been there BEFORE my grandmother came there? Have they “only” lost their jobs or have they been punished (sent to a camp?) as members if the Polish Intelligentzija?

    Any ideas?

    Thank you.

    #16404
    Anonim
    Nieaktywne

    Hello,
    look at
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Poland_during_World_War_II
    and
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intelligenzaktion
    and
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_crimes_against_the_Polish_nation

    You can see references therein.
    For a detailed information you can check “Intelligenzaktion Schlesien”. Unfortunately, most webpages and books are in Polish only.

    I found, for example, a webpage
    http://041940.pl/eksterminacja-inteligencji/
    and a list of some victims (this is not a full list):
    http://www.041940.pl/wp-content/uploads/2017/lista-zid-wiez.html
    Look at a man no. 1072 in the list. He was only a school caretaker (woźny szkolny) in Ruda Śląska (Nowy Bytom)…
    The conclusion is: Yes, teachers were punished.

    #16405
    Tobias.Kemper
    Użytkownik

    Hello Jurek,

    thank you very much for your answer and the internet links. I am surprised that the English Wikipedia contains much more information about Silesia and Poland in 1939/40 than the German Wikipedia. Well …
    The information is sufficient to understand that my grandmother obviously became a teacher in Friedenshütte after (probably) the former (Polish) teacher had been kicked off or maybe captured or even killed … Sad Polish-German history …

    So I can understand a bit more that my grandmother herself was in an internment camp in 1945 (as member of the German occupation authorities, I think) and deported to Germany in late 1945.

    Tobias Kemper

    #16406
    Anonim
    Nieaktywne

    Hello,

    Remember that at that time Poland was not independent – Poland was virtually governed by “another state” and there was a great number of Polish victims.
    see
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_repressions_of_Polish_citizens_(1939%E2%80%931946)
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-communist_resistance_in_Poland_(1944%E2%80%931946)
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Stalinism_in_Poland

    So you can guess who organised the camps.
    Best regards,
    Jurek

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